Cairo was founded by the Fatimid dynasty in 969, gradually taking over from Fustat as the main urban centre during the 12th - 16th century of the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. City population 10 million, outer metropolitan region 12 million. In Cairo we mainly visited the Citadel area, the Giza Pyramids, and Coptic Sites (see other album). Also included here are photos from the ancient sites of Memphis and Saqqara, just 30 km south of Cairo.
The Nile in CairoThe Citadel area in Cairo was the seat of government of Egypt for 600 yearsThe Citadel area in Cairo, founded by Saladin in the 13th centuryThe Citadel area in CairoThe Alabaster Mosque is visible behind a wall of the Citadel in CairoThe Muhammad Ali The Muhammad Ali The Muhammad Ali The Muhammad Ali The Minbar (pulpit) of the Muhammad Ali Mmasjid al-mahmodyah Mosque, CairoThe very large 14th century Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan HasanMosque-Madrasa of Sultan HasanInside the Mosque-Madrasa of Sultan HasanPottery shop in the Fustat area of CairoPottery workshop in the Fustat area of CairoThe Great Pyramid, Giza, Cairo. It is the largest Egyptian pyramid, tomb of pharaoh Khufu, 26th century BC.The Great Pyramid, Giza, CairoThe Great Pyramid, Giza, CairoThe Great Pyramid, Giza, Cairo, behind the 2nd largest pyramid, the Pyramid of Khafre